The pelvic area is the lowest part of the abdomen. This area encompasses the bowel and bladder, as well as bones, muscles, and connective tissues, all of which are susceptible to pain and damage. A woman’s reproductive organs are also located here, meaning women have more opportunities for pain in this area, but women do not have a monopoly on pelvic pain.
Bowel and bladder conditions may cause pelvic pain in individuals of either gender. Men may experience conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), appendicitis, colon cancer, Crohn’s Disease, diverticulitis, cystitis (bladder infection), kidney stones, bowel obstructions, urinary tract infections, or ulcerative colitis. They may also experience muscle or nerve conditions, such as damage to, swelling, or weakness of the bones, muscles, and/or connective tissues. Men are even susceptible to chronic pain conditions which may linked to past physical or sexual abuse.
The main disadvantage that men have where the pelvic area is concerned is the presence of the prostate. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located directly below the bladder in men, where it produces semen, the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Problems with the prostate are often felt in the pelvic area. These conditions tend to cause difficult and/or painful urination and pain in the pelvic area or in the groin. Men of advanced age tend to have a higher risk of prostate problems than younger men, but men of any age are susceptible to prostate problems.
If any patient, male or female, experiences frequent pain in the pelvic area, he or she should contact a doctor for a diagnosis and to determine the best form of treatment. Men aged 40 and over should get regular prostate exams during yearly physical exams.